The Land Beneath Our Feet
The land on which we stand means so much more than the majority of people could even guess at - it influences so many aspects of the life which lives upon it, governing everything which comes into contact with it. We do indeed belong to the land.
It seems strange to have to use 'quotes' from the indigenous tribes of America when talking about the Brythonic mainland of the British Isles but their wisdom is more 'available' than our own - a factor which feeds into the current climate of 'cultural appropriation'.
Just as with the land that Peter Blue Cloud was talking about, OUR land is also sacred.
Just as he was talking about the indigenous tribes of America being the guardians of their land - WE are the guardians of OUR own sacred places.
The Earth has always gone through changes - She always will - from Ice-ages through to the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (when the global temperature, 55 million years ago, rose by 6 degrees Celsius and caused major ecosystem changes and the extinction of many organisms).
The Earth's climate is unstable and even minor changes to the energy balance causes large changes in climate, which results in enormous damage to ecosystems (and human societies across the world).
We cannot 'stop' some change from happening but we should do everything possible to reduce the scale of Man-kinds detrimental effect - as people who 'Revere the Earth' we have a huge responsibility to lead by example.
For millennia, humans have speculated how the physical and living elements on the surface of the Earth combine, with gods and goddesses frequently posited to embody specific elements. The notion that the Earth, itself, is alive was a regular theme of Greek philosophy and religion. In the mid-1960s, James Lovelock first postulated a regulatory role for the biosphere in feedback mechanisms within the Earth system - when this fully developed it became the Gaia hypothesis. It took until the 1980's for science to 'officially' realise that the planet that we live on is indeed a whole, living, dynamic system which promotes the diversity of life, this has now become Earth Systems Science.
We do indeed live on an amazingly beautiful, stunningly complex, living, breathing Earth made up of systems within systems, wheels within wheels. Systems that cannot be separated out from each other because they all interact and feed each other - you will find more relevant information in 'The Lady & The Sky Above Us' and in 'Water, Water, Everywhere' - it is all related and each is just a part of the living whole. Damage one part of one of this integral systems and you damage the WHOLE
The Earth really is greater than the sum of its parts.
The Role of the Land
The land (the solid Earth herself) is the foundation upon which the whole entire system rests, it is the reservoir of raw materials for the rest of the system, it also records its own past in the geologic record, so becomes an archive of ancient conditions.
The formation of the Earth Herself is so extremely complex that it would need another complete web-site to cover just this alone. To try to simplify this (impossible) links to further information are included for those that wish to go deeper. The rocks that form the Earth's surface are one of three main types
- Igneous - crystallised deep in the Earth from molten magma
- Sedimentary - deposited in layers
- Metamorphic - one of the previous two changed by great heat or pressure.
The rocks that form the crust of the Earth (the part on which we walk) are not one complete, continuous, solid mass they are arranged in very large 'plates' which are constantly moving, this is called continental drift; Earthquakes and Volcanoes occur where these plates collide and this is also where mountains are built and where they pull apart rift valleys and trenches are formed. This process is known as plate tectonics. These processes; including rock structure, movement and weather create many, many different landforms - this is the geology and geography of our landscapes.
Throw into this mixture soil formation or erosion, the fauna & flora (animals & plants) of an area in relation to its climate creating distinct communities called Fresh Water Biomes and you can start to see the sheer diversity of the 'Land Beneath Our Feet'.
Each unique set of circumstances also creates a unique set of energies dependent upon the molecular structures of the component parts (all of that listed above) of that location, which all mingles together, creating a unique 'energy soup' - and so the energy of the land varies greatly from location to location. From the world-view of The Old Ways this cannot be taken from a purely physical point of view - the energy within the molecular structures of 'all that is' is alive, it is living, it is sacred, this is animism at its molecular level.
"Cultural geography is the study of cultural products and norms and their variations across and relations to spaces and places. It focuses on describing and analyzing the ways language, religion, economy, government and other cultural phenomena vary or remain constant, from one place to another and on explaining how humans function spatially." Wikipedia
Put simply 'Cultural Geography' is the term used to describe the effects that landscape and places have on human lives - except there is nothing simple about it, this is the entirety of landscape in a particular location and the effect that it creates on the entirety of human existence in that place (everything - all of it). To see how far reaching this is check out the 20 subcategories and 65 pages through the Wikipedia link above.
"Given that Britain today has - for its size - one of the richest and most diverse sets of geological features of any country in the world" (Contemporary Britain by John McCormick p37) - created by the diversity of our landscapes it can be easily seen why we have one of the most diverse set of cultural identities.
Landscape and place not only exerts these influences on the human life of an area, within the animistic world view the life-force energy flows through everything and as it flows through landscape and place it is influenced by the features that if flows through creating a unique 'Spirit of Place'.
A view that is very often heard expressed by the perpetrators of cultural appropriation is that 'it doesn't make any difference what you work with it is all the same, isn't it' - NO IT ISN'T
If you are having trouble grasping this concept think in terms of your tap water - when you turn on your tap, water comes out - yes? - good we are all still on the same page there then. What does this water taste like (apart from water)? Is it 'hard' or 'soft' water? The reason tap water tastes differently in different areas is down to the geology at the source of the water and to the geology of the land that it flows through to reach you.
Water also takes on properties from the land through which it flows - but that doesn't make any difference does it? - after all it is all just water, isn't it?