Brythonic Deities

Arianrhod of the Silver Wheel & Corona Borealis

 

The Gods and Goddesses of the Brythonic (Celtic) Pantheon - Prydein (English), Cornish, Scottish, Welsh, Breton.


They are listed in alphabetical order.

 
Display Order:

Name of Deity, Origin, [Association], (Alternative Name; if one exists)

Aericurus/Arecurius Northumberland - one inscription on an altar stone - possibly responsible for Aericura being named as a male God on many sites

Agrona Welsh [Strife/Slaughter] - A Goddess of the river Aeron - although listed as associated with strife and slaughter, the name Agrona comes from the same root-source as the modern English word Agrinomy 'crop & field management'(Greek 'Agros' = field & Nomos = manage) - and the river name 'Aeron' means 'berries' in Welsh. 
Celtic Earth Spirit puts forward the thesis that She is a Goddess of crops and suggest that the misunderstanding has come from mistakenly identifying her with the word 'Agro', (an abbreviation of) or the word Aggravation (root source Latin Agravare) 

Ai Irish [Poetry] (Aoi Mac Ollamain) - Tuatha De Danaan.
 
Amaethon Welsh [God of Agriculture] -Son of Don and brother of Gwydion. He was engaged in a mythical battle with Arawn.

Andraste Prydein - [Goddess of War] The patron Goddess of the Iceni tribe.
This war Goddess' name means "the invincible one". Her presence was evoked on the eve of battle to curry favor, and possible ritual sacrifices were given to her. Queen Boadiccea of the Iceni offered sacrifices to Andraste in a sacred grove before fighting the Romans on her many campaigns against them. 

Anextiomarus Prydein [British- Celtic Tribal Deity]

Arawn Welsh [Dead/Agriculture] - King of Annwn, He was the King of the Underworld. His name means "silver-tongued". "King of Hell", "God of Annwn"
He fought in the Battle of the Trees (Cad Goddeu) with Bran against Amathaon and Gwyddion. Arawn, like most Otherworld Gods, was a master hunter who rode a pale horse and rode with a pack of white hounds with red ears. The archetypal purpose of the hunt was to gather souls for the Otherworld if the quarry was not smart enough to evade the chase.
Arawn possessed a magickal cauldron of regeneration, later captured by King Arthur. 
 
Arianrhod Welsh [Moon Goddess] - d. of Donn, s. of Gwydion & m. of Lleu Llaw Gyffes & Dylan. She is usually depicted as a pale skinned, fair headed Goddess. Her symbols include the Silver Wheel, weaving implements the full moon and Corona Borealis.

Arnemetia Prydein [Water Goddess] Her shrine was at Aquae Arnemetiae ("waters of Arnemetia"), which is now Buxton in Derbyshire, England. Her name contains Celtic elements "are" meaning "against or beside" and nemeton, meaning "sacred grove".Her name would then mean "She who dwells in the sacred grove" suggesting Arnemetia may be a divine epithet rather than a name in its own right.

Belenus All [God of Fire/Sun] Also known as Belenos, Belenus means "the Shining God". he was worshipped as a Sun God by the Celts across Continental Europe, Britain and Ireland and is regarded by modern historians as a common Celtic God.

Belisama Prydein [God of River Ribble] A Goddess worshipped in Gaul. She is identified with Minerva in the interpretatio romana. The prescence of the Goddess in Britain is more difficult to establish. Based on Ptolemy listing a "Belisama estuary", River Ribble in England seems to have been known by the name Belisama in Roman times.

Bendigeidfran Welsh [Warrior God] - Brother Brenwan & Manawydan. The giant King who walked across to Ireland from Wales to confront the abuser of Branwen

Bran Irish & Welsh [Hero God] - Associated -  Raven

Branwen Welsh  [Love] - Daughter of Llyr

Breg [of the Earth]

Brigantia Prydein [Birth/Midwifery] - Goddess of Brigantes

Brigindo Prydein [Flocks/Cattle] - See Brigantes

Britannia Prydein [Protection] - Romano-Celtic

Brownie Scottish [Benevolent Goblin]

Cailleach Beara Irish [Rebirth] - Old Hag also Scottish

Camulos Prydein [War God] - Colchester

Caswallawn Prydein [War God]

Ceridwen Welsh [War Goddess] - Corn Goddess

Clota Prydein [Goddess of River Clyde]

Cocidius Prydein [Hunting Deity] - Northern Britain

Condatis Prydein [River God]

Coventina Prydein [Water/Springs] - Carrawburgh - Hadrian's Wall

Creiddylad Welsh [Goddess of the Sea] - Shakespeare - Cordelia

Cyhiraeth Welsh [Goddess of Streams] - Shriek foretold death

Dewi Welsh [Fertility God] - Ddraig Goch

Dis Domnu [Supreme Celtic God] - Name used by Caesar

Don Welsh [Goddess] - Counterpart Danu

Dylan Welsh [Sea God] - Brother of Lleu

Edain [Goddess associated with Riding] - Counterpart Epona

Epona [Goddess of Horses]

Esus [Agriculture] - Celtic – lord/master deity of the Essuvi

Govannon Welsh [God of Smiths] - son of Don, brothers Amathaon and Gwydion

Gwenn Teir Bronn [Goddess of Motherhood]

Gwydion Welsh [Warrior/Bard/Magician] - son of Don & Beli, father of Lleu & Dylan by his sister Arianrhod

Hooded Spirits [Triad of Celtic deities] - associated with healing and fertility

Hu Gadarn Welsh ([God of Music?] - HU - creative word, seed of fire, first sound.

Lleu Llaw Gyffes Welsh [Hero God] - son of Arianrhod and Gwydion.

Llyr Welsh (Sea God) - F. of Bran, Branwen, and Manannan

Manawydan ap Llyr [Sea]

Maponos [Youth]

Math Mathonwy [Sorcery]

Murigen [Lake] (Morgan)

The Deities appear below until we can research their origin

Nantosuelta [Water]

Neit [War]

Nemain [Battle]

Nemetona [Shrines]

Nodens/Nodons [River Severn]

Nuada (Nuadha) [Leader]

Ogma [Eloquence/Learning]

Ogmios (Ogma)

Pwyll [Underworld]

Rhiannon (Rigantona) [Moon]

Rosmerta [Plenty]

Rudianos [Local]

Sabrina [English River Severn]

Saone (Souconna) [River]

Scathach [War Training]

Segomo [War]

Shoney [Sea]

Sirona (Dirona] [Local]

Smertrios [Warrior]

Sucellus (Sucellos) [Fertility/Dead]

Sul (Sulla) [Hot Springs]

Tailtiu [Earth]

Tamesis [Fresh Earth]

Taranis (Taran) [Thunder]

Tarvos Trigaranos (Taruos Trigaranus) [Bull]

Tethra [Old Sea]

Verbeia [River Wharfe]

Yonne (Icauni) [River]

References:

  1. Beck, Noémie (2009). Goddesses in Celtic Religion—Cult and Mythology: A Comparative Study of Ancient Ireland, Britain and Gaul (PhD thesis). Université Lumière Lyon 2, University College of Dublin.
  2. Ellis, Peter Berresford, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology (Oxford Paperback Reference), Oxford University Press, (1994): ISBN 0-19-508961-8
  3. Green, Miranda (2004). The gods of the Celts. Sparkford, UK: Sutton Publishing.
  4. Wood, Juliette, The Celts: Life, Myth, and Art, Thorsons Publishers (2002): ISBN 0-00-764059-5​
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