The brightest star of the Corona Borealis (Gemma – also called Alphecca),
known as the ‘Silver Wheel’ is associated with the Deity Arianrhod
The Deities (Gods & Goddesses) of the Brythonic speaking peoples. Originally the Brythonic languages would have been spoken across the whole of the mainland of England, Wales the Eastern side of Scotland (Picts) and Breton (Brittany); the only languages now left extant are Welsh, Cornish and Breton (Cumbric disappeared in the 12th century).
Also included are some of the ‘Otherworldly beings’ where importance is given to them by the peoples of an area.
Deities are listed in alphabetical order. A new drop-down system is currently being installed. Click the arrow to the left of the Deities name to open the information.
One inscription on an altar stone – possibly responsible for Aericura being named as a male God on many sites
Origin – Association
Welsh – Strife/Slaughter vs. Crops
A Goddess of the river Aeron – although listed as associated with strife and slaughter, the name Agrona comes from the same root-source as the modern English word Agrinomy ‘crop & field management'(Greek ‘Agros’ = field & Nomos = manage) – and the river name ‘Aeron’ means ‘berries’ in Welsh.
Origin – Association
Welsh – God of Agriculture
Son of Don and brother of Gwydion. He was engaged in a mythical battle with Arawn
Name of Deity
Goddess of War – The patron Goddess of the Iceni tribe.
This war Goddess’ name means “the invincible one”. Her presence was evoked on the eve of battle to curry favor, and possible ritual sacrifices were given to her. Queen Boadiccea of the Iceni offered sacrifices to Andraste in a sacred grove before fighting the Romans on her many campaigns against them.
British- Celtic Tribal Deity
King of Annwn, He was the King of the Underworld. His name means “silver-tongued”. “King of Hell”, “God of Annwn”
He fought in the Battle of the Trees (Cad Goddeu) with Bran against Amathaon and Gwyddion. Arawn, like most Otherworld Gods, was a master hunter who rode a pale horse and rode with a pack of white hounds with red ears. The archetypal purpose of the hunt was to gather souls for the Otherworld if the quarry was not smart enough to evade the chase.
Arawn possessed a magickal cauldron of regeneration, later captured by King Arthur.
Moon Goddess -SilverWheel – Corona Borealis
d. of Donn, s. of Gwydion & m. of Lleu Llaw Gyffes & Dylan. She is usually depicted as a pale skinned, fair headed Goddess. Her symbols include the Silver Wheel, weaving implements the full moon and Corona Borealis.
Her shrine was at Aquae Arnemetiae (“waters of Arnemetia”), which is now Buxton in Derbyshire, England. Her name contains Celtic elements “are” meaning “against or beside” and nemeton, meaning “sacred grove”. Her name would then mean “She who dwells in the sacred grove” suggesting Arnemetia may be a divine epithet rather than a name in its own right.
God of Fire/Sun
Also known as Belenos, Belenus means “the Shining God”. he was worshipped as a Sun God by the Celts across Continental Europe, Britain and Ireland and is regarded by modern historians as a common Celtic God.
Goddess of River Ribble
A Goddess worshipped in Gaul. She is identified with Minerva in the interpretatio romana. The prescence of the Goddess in Britain is more difficult to establish. Based on Ptolemy listing a “Belisama estuary”, River Ribble in England seems to have been known by the name Belisama in Roman times.
Brother Brenwan & Manawydan. The giant King who walked across to Ireland from Wales to confront the abuser of Branwen
Irish & Welsh
Hero God – Associated with Ravens
Daughter of Llyr
Means ‘of the Earth’
Goddess of the Brigantes tribe
Also connected with the Brigantes tribe
Classified as an Old Hag
Deity associated with Colchester
War Goddess also Corn Goddess
Goddess of River Clyde
Carrawburgh – Hadrian’s Wall
Goddess of the Sea
Shakespeare based his character Cordelia on her
Goddess of Streams
Her shriek foretold death
Y Ddraig Goch- (The Red Dragon)
Supreme Celtic God
A Name also used by Caesar
Brother of Lleu, son of Gwydion
Goddess associated with Riding
Counterpart of Epona
Elen (of the ways)
Goddess associated with Deer and Pathways
Elen of the Ways page
Goddess of Horses
Celtic – lord/master deity of the Essuvi
God of Smiths
son of Don, brothers Amathaon and Gwydion
Gwenn Teir Bronn
Goddess of Motherhood
son of Don & Beli, father of Lleu & Dylan by his sister Arianrhod
Hafren (Romanised name Sabrina)
Goddess of the River Severn
A legendary princess who was drowned by Gwendolen in the river and made Goddess. Afon Hafren is the Welsh name for the river Severn.
Triad of Celtic deities
Healing and fertility
God of Music?
HU – creative word, seed of fire, first sound
Lleu Llaw Gyffes
Son of Arianrhod and Gwydion
F. of Bran, Branwen, and Manannan
Manawydan ap Llyr
possibly = Morgan
Reference to the River Severn
Known as the Silver Wheel – The Aurora Borealis
May be a counterpart to Rhiannon
Romanised name for Hafren.
Tarvos (Taruos) Trigaranos
Old name for the Sea
- Beck, Noémie (2009). Goddesses in Celtic Religion—Cult and Mythology: A Comparative Study of Ancient Ireland, Britain and Gaul (PhD thesis). Université Lumière Lyon 2, University College of Dublin.
- Ellis, Peter Berresford, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology (Oxford Paperback Reference), Oxford University Press, (1994): ISBN 0-19-508961-8
- Green, Miranda (2004). The gods of the Celts. Sparkford, UK: Sutton Publishing.
- Wood, Juliette, The Celts: Life, Myth, and Art, Thorsons Publishers (2002): ISBN 0-00-764059-5